In 2010, former developers of the Mandriva Linux distro decided to develop by themselves an open source version based on the same core. This decision led to Mageia, a distro that allows the user to choose several desktop environments (KDE, GNOME and Cinnamon among others) and comes along equipped with a well-stocked software pack with everything necessary to manage the operating system and carry out all sorts of tasks, as well as simplifying its management process.
A Mandriva fork also optimized for 64-bit processors.
Main programs included in Mageia
- Browsers: Firefox, Chromium and Epiphany.
- Email clients: Thunderbird, Evolution and Kmail.
- Office suites: LibreOffice and Calligra.
- Instant messaging clients: Pidgin and Empathy.
- Tool to create virtual machines: VirtualBox.
- Wine to emulate Windows.
- Photo editor: GIMP.
Three types of online repositories
The user can make use of the Core, NonFree and Tainted repositories, each one offering software depending on their license: open source software packs, free software, but with proprietary license and software that may infringe patents and copyrights in certain countries, respectively. It's also worth mentioning that Mageia has a 64-bit version, for those users who want to take advantage of the most powerful processors while they make the most of a fully open source Mandriva fork.