Minecraft biomes: what they are and how many are in the game

A biome is a set of ecosystems with common characteristics in terms of climate, geology, vegetation, and fauna. This definition is as applicable to planet Earth as it is to the world of Minecraft, although logically, in Mojang's video game, there are types of biomes that do not exist in the real world.

In the case of Minecraft, we are talking about a game in which the world is generated with certain randomness, there are no two worlds alike, each one has its own shape. However, for example, in Minecraft, you will never see blocks of lava and snow in an alternating pattern. This is precisely because its developers thought about the use of biomes, each portion of the game world (region) has a biome assigned to it, and it is not possible to see lava blocks in a snowy biome, which are typical of the biomes in the Nether.

In total, there are 99 different biomes in the Minecraft source code, although many of them are variants and others are never used. Each of them has a different ID assigned to it. Below, we list all the biomes in Minecraft along with their ID numbers.

Ocean Biomes

Ocean biomes are mainly made up of water. In the frozen biomes there is ice, while in the deep ones, some vegetation can be found in the depths.

Ocean BiomeOcean Biome
  • Ocean (0)
  • Frozen Ocean (10)
  • Deep Ocean (24)
  • Warm Ocean (44)
  • Lukewarm Ocean (45)
  • Cold Ocean (46)
  • Deep Warm Ocean (47)
  • Deep Lukewarm Ocean (48)
  • Deep Cold Ocean (49)
  • Deep Frozen Ocean (50)

Plains Biomes

In the plains biomes, there are not many trees, and those that do exist are usually small. However, there is tall grass and some animals. In them, it is also possible to find some flowers.

  • Plains (1)
  • Sunflower Plains (129)

Desert Biomes

Desert biomes are full of sand and have very little life. As for vegetation, there are only a few bushes and cactus, because in these biomes it never rains. Zombies and skeletons are frequently encountered in these biomes.

  • Desert (2)
  • Desert Hills (17)
  • Desert Lakes (130)

Mountain Biomes

The mountain biomes are characterized by their relief, with high formations throughout the region. In these biomes, it is easy to find caves, and the predominant blocks are made of stone, earth, minerals, and gravel. Snow can be found high in the mountains.

Mountain BiomeMountain Biome
  • Mountain (3)
  • Mountain Edge (20)
  • Wooded Mountains (34)
  • Gravelly Mountains (131)
  • Gravelly Mountains+ (162)

Forest Biomes

Forest biomes are very common. There are all kinds of trees and plants in them. They are also home to all kinds of animals and enemies. The most common blocks of these biomes are grass and flowers.

  • Forest (4)
  • Wooded Hills (18)
  • Birch Forest (27)
  • Birch Forest Hills (28)
  • Dark Forest (29)
  • Flower Forest (132)
  • Tall Birch Forest (155)
  • Tall Birch Hills (156)
  • Dark Forest Hills (157)

Taiga Biomes

Taiga biomes are cold biomes, with snow and some vegetation. This biome is characterized by a high probability of spawning wolves and spruce trees. Small huts can be found in taiga biomes.

  • Taiga (5)
  • Taiga Hills (19)
  • Snowy Taiga (30)
  • Snowy Taiga Hills (31)
  • Giant Tree Taiga (32)
  • Giant Tree Taiga Hills (33)
  • Taiga Mountains (133)
  • Giant Spruce Taiga (160)
  • Giant Spruce Taiga Hills (161)

Swamp Biomes

Swamp biomes are characterized by being very flat and the formation of shallow lakes. In these biomes, the temperatures are very variable and the color of the water acquires gray and greenish tones.

  • Swamp (6)
  • Swamp Hills (134)

River Biomes

These biomes are characterized by water in the form of lakes or rivers. Sand blocks, soil, and some vegetation can also be found in them.

River BiomeRiver Biome
  • River (7)
  • Frozen River (11)

Nether Biomes

In the Nether, there are many different biomes dominated by lava and volcanic materials, such as basalt or black stone. These biomes are home to some of the most atypical enemies, such as the ghast or the strider.

  • Nether Wastes (8)
  • Soul Sand Valley (170)
  • Crimson Forest (171)
  • Warped Forest (172)
  • Basalt Deltas (173)

End Biomes

The End is the final island of the game, and it has its own biomes. It is mainly composed of stone. The sky and the stars do not move or alter, keeping a constant dim light in this place.

  • The End (9)
  • Small End Islands (40)
  • End Midlands (41)
  • End Highlands (42)
  • End Barrens (43)

Tundra Biomes

Tundra biomes are the coldest in the game. They have a large amount of snow and very little vegetation. It is also possible to find lakes, although they are usually already frozen due to the temperature.

Tundra BiomeTundra Biome
  • Snowy Tundra (12)
  • Snowy Mountains (13)
  • Ice Spikes (140)

Mushroom Biomes

These biomes are extremely difficult to find. The most popular characteristic of these biomes is that mushrooms appear in them. The mushroom field biomes appear in the form of islands located in the middle of the sea.

  • Mushroom Fields (14)
  • Mushroom Field Shore (15)

Beach Biomes

Beach biomes are characterized by being located on the coast and having sand blocks. They can also have stones, in the case of pebble beaches, or ice and snow in the case of snowy beaches.

  • Beach (16)
  • Stone Shore (25)
  • Snowy Beach (26)

Jungle Biomes

In these biomes, there are very lush and tall trees, as well as caves. Some animals and enemies also appear in the jungle biomes. Very characteristic blocks of these biomes are blocks of creepers, melons, and bamboo.

  • Jungle (21)
  • Jungle Hills (22)
  • Jungle Edge (23)
  • Modified Jungle (149)
  • Modified Jungle Edge (151)
  • Bamboo Jungle (168)
  • Bamboo Jungle Hills (169)

Savanna Biomes

Savanna biomes have high temperatures and are generally flat in relief. There are acacia trees and animals such as horses and llamas.

Savanna BiomeSavanna Biome
  • Savanna (35)
  • Savanna Plateau (36)
  • Shattered Savanna (163)
  • Shattered Savanna Plateau (164)

Badlands Biomes

In the badlands biomes, reddish or even yellow clay can be found. These sites' vegetation can be described as cactus and dead bushes. In this type of biomes, it is quite likely to find very valuable minerals.

  • Badlands (37)
  • Wooded Badlands Plateau (38)
  • Badlands Plateau (39)
  • Eroded Badlands (165)
  • Modified Wooded Badlands Plateau (166)
  • Modified Badlands Plateau (167)

Void Biome

The last of the biomes does not follow any geographical or climatic rules, but is a simple stone or gravel platform of 33x33 meters. Its function is to facilitate Minecraft development testing.

  • The Void (127)

Cave Biomes

There are two special biomes dedicated to cave formation. One of them, the stalagmite cave biome, forms caves in which stalactites and stalagmites can be found. Hanging roots from azalea trees are found in lush cave biomes.

  • Dripstone Caves (174)
  • Lush Caves (175)